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The United States “Double-anti-dumping " Survey
Author:管理员 Published:2011,12.8, Browse: 3277
 The United States “Double-anti-dumping " Survey   Sino-U.S. Trade Is Looking Forward to Industry Adjust
 
         On 19 October, such as Solarworld and seven U.S. home Solar energy producers signed a letter that China was selling solar cells to the United States with a cheap prices. Since China exported products were involved to this case, the involved products including the polycrystalline silicon photovoltaic cells (including solar cells), including but not limited to panel module, laminate, panel and building integrated materials.  The accused asked the U.S. International Trade Commission and U.S. Commerce Ministry do a sanction for Chinese "dumping" photovoltaic enterprise’s behavior. All these wanted the federal government of United States to impose "more than 100%”‘s import tariff on Chinese solar panels.
>On November 8, the U.S. Commerce Ministry takes anti-dumping and countervailing investigation to the exported solar panels from China to U.S.. This is the first time that U.S. takes double- anti-dumping investigation to Chinese’s clean energy products. After two months’ game, the U.S. Commerce Ministry finally raised the big double-anti-dumping flag. So the Chinese enterprises have a comfortable breath before falling into the prepared war state. Then the Chinese PV enterprises in the turbulent state have to face a new round of storm again.
>Little Episode of Sino-U.S. Trade Future   Photovoltaic Markets Tend to Be Gentle
>The deputy director of Energy Research Institute of NDRC, Junfeng Li said, if the case was put on record, not only harm China enterprise, also hurt American enterprise. The demand of China and the United States are needed with each other on new energy industry, and with mutual benefit and cooperation. The United States government put restrictive measures on China's clean energy products, it not only damages the new energy field of good cooperation atmosphere, also harms the industry's own interests. The restrictions are on the opposite trend with global climate change and energy security challenges.
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>·         China and the United States have trade friction continuously; the United States government often does anti-dumping investigation on China's domestic and international enterprise using a different bill. In the past 20 years, China and the United States have more than once in the trade on a head-on collision. Behind the mystery, the prospect is benefit and competitive to each other.
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>In January 1983, the Sino-U.S. negotiations have failed to reach an agreement about textile quota from China to U.S. The United States government response toughly, including stop approval from the United States imported cotton, soybeans, chemical fiber new contract, and cut imports from the U.S. wheat, soybeans and other major agricultural products. This conflict is actually the United States in the conflicts of interests behind textile industry and agriculture, the U.S. textile industry argued that limit the number of Chinese textile. Finally, in agricultural interests’ groups of strong pressure, the United States government relented position, and finally solve the dispute. However, China still reduced the number of agricultural products imported from the United States. Interestingly, the United States government relaxed the limited control of Chinese export, and is to make up for the loss of the decrease of the agricultural product trade.
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>In the 90’s, there had a series of intense about economic and trade conflicts around the most-favoured-nation treatment problem. Old Bush Administration and the later Clinton administration, in order to "save" the most-favoured-nation treatment to China, which is the basic relations between the two countries, they take a tough stance in the other economic problems with China, in order to satisfy the need of different interest groups. These include the export of Chinese products, labor market access, textiles transshipment trade, intellectual property rights protection, and many other problems. China has given the United States a certain "understanding" or "cooperate", after hard negotiation, the two sides agreed to the penal product export, market access, and the intellectual property rights protection of bilateral mous. In the negotiations process, especially on intellectual property rights, the two threatened sanctions of U.S., announced $1 billion sanctions list. The Chinese are also running, also released the list for the sanctions. Chinese anti-sanctions play a good counterspell effect, the U.S. domestic is against the two countries "trade war", "critics" and“fire extinguishing” out of interest group. The news "trade war" between the two countries reached an agreement in time and “flameout ".
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>In 2002, China has just joined the World Trade Organization, and boycotted the protection measures of steel industry, which make U.S. authority, sit up and take notice to China. This April of 2002, the Bush Administration launched the "201" clause of the temporary "security" measures, from the European Union, Japan and China and other countries of the temporary additional tariffs on steel. China is "victim" with the European Union and the parties actively coordinate position, a complaint against the United States sued the WTO trade dispute settlement mechanism, the WTO ruled that the United States finally action violates the relevant provisions of the free trade, its revocation decision within a time limit. At that time, China's decisive approach made the U.S. trade representative office officials rather "surprised" that the Chinese behavior was "too much", not left a “face" to the United States.
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>                                 In fact, China does not have the unfair competition on so-called photovoltaic enterprise. The current price is perfectly normal of the market competition formation. The enterprise take his shortcomings to accuse Chinese industry enterprise, and take China as a scapegoat, this is not the first time, won't be the last.
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>Compared the trade friction between China and American, external point of view for China's Ministry of Commerce is that either anti-dumping or countervailing fact will not hurt Sino-U.S. trade mainstream. Cheng Dawei, chief adviser of Beijing WTO institute, says that at present, China is the world's largest developing country, the United States is the world's largest developed countries, China and the U.S. are important trade partners, and are highly complementary structure of Sino-U.S. economic and trade relations, all of which are an important foundation.
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>At present, the PV modules that China exports to the United States is $2 billion, while U.S. exports to China photovoltaic cell materials and equipment, the scale of which is $4 billion, the United States is to maintain a surplus $1.88 billion. In addition, the Chinese PV companies setting up factories in the United States is also effective to increase employment in the United States, and did not have a greater impact on their photovoltaic industry.  If successfully forward the case, solar panels price will be doubled and U.S. solar demand will be reduced, which would seriously undermine the U.S. solar market. US-listed Chinese PV business interests of many damaged, it will damage the interests of U.S. investors, and a threat to the U.S. solar energy industry, 100,000 jobs, the U.S. power developer will lose money. In this case, U.S. solar industry's trade complaint against SolarWorld are majority, because the U.S. is now engaged in the solar industry, 100,000 people, most in sales, marketing, designing, installation and maintenance phases, these the existence or not largely depends on the level of solar modules prices, solar components if the price was increased because of complaints, many workers will lose their jobs.
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>The fact is obvious, then why should the U.S. shooting itself on the foot? The U.S. government ignores the developers and users to benefit from the fact that low-cost battery components, and even troubled by the depressed economy and the employment of all the problems which have been long been forgotten, and insists on the so-calnled “double-anti-dumping ", as if quite profound meaning.
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>Earlier 2011, the bankruptcy of the U.S. solar energy company Solyndra attracted lots of attention, U.S. President Barack Obama had visited a factory of this company, the U.S. Department of Energy has expanded the company's federal loan guarantees. However, the company also makes the difference between breaking the Obama administration to bear more pressure from other political parties, the conduct of the " double-anti-dumping " initiatives like solar energy business is related to placate domestic sentiment. The Sino-U.S. trade dispute is more like their government's domestic demand for an international political communication. In fact the influence of this formal dialogue to the world's major stock market's is far greater than the actual impact of policy itself about solar energy importing and exporting the markets.
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>Comprehensive history of Sino-U.S. trade friction solar industry events and recent emergence of “double-anti-dumping investigate," I believe the trade dispute will not get to continue to expand. Because in the first debt crisis in Europe, which caused by the incident solar and polysilicon prices plunged, has already tired of the solar market in 2011 caused some impact. So near the end of 2011, if the expansion of global trade friction areas, will optimize the development of the global market impact. For the U.S., just want to by the " double-anti-dumping ", a great fishing against the Chinese PV companies, more indirect benefits.
>So all above, the China-U.S. trade dispute is a local adjustment in plain international PV market 2011, only a small friction in Sino-U.S. trade, the future of the global PV market will continue to be flatten.
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>Chinese PV Industry Is Looking to Upgrade in the Critical
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>Chinese PV industry is in a long-standing "two out" imbalances situation, 95% of raw silicon material are imported from abroad, while another 95% of PV products are exported to foreign countries, both upstream and downstream industries, greatly dependent on the external market. So every sign of trouble from external environment may have a significant impact on Chinese PV industry.
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>Steady growth of China’s PV also needs to master the trade initiative, which is the key. The first is to expand domestic market demand as soon as possible so that more capacity to digest in the country, turn our country from the world's largest manufacturer of PV into the world's largest photovoltaic applications. Strengthen ties with western development, the new rural construction, the new rural construction developed rapidly. Introduce more effective and practical photovoltaic industry policy to allow photovoltaic products into people's homes. In fact, now the nation launches a series of incentives, especially for photovoltaic electricity price determination, which have allowed people to prospect for photovoltaic applications full of hope. Secondly, we must strengthen scientific and technological innovation, the early development of technical standards, with the pricing right to speak, and will not accept such products in the domestic market by foreign competitors, but when you dig the cheap. China Renewable Energy Society, vice president Meng Xiangan said: "China's photovoltaic industry by expanding production capacity, low cost, low value-added production has come to an end, technological innovation is the end of the road." The most important there is to increase competitiveness of enterprises, opening up more potential markets. Expansion of the domestic market is gradual, and not all of a sudden offset the impact of exports to the U.S.. Chinese enterprises should strengthen the development of Africa and Asia, adjust the structure reasonably, makes the quality of growth. All above, we can prevent trade friction fundamentally.
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>Lots of domestic PV companies are mediating actively at present for a lifeline. Meanwhile, China is also assessing the possibility of evaluation counterspell, and keeps the right to take appropriate measures within the framework of WTO rules. Relevant persons say that after experiencing the incident “double-anti-dumping investigate", China's photovoltaic industry is bound to form a survival of the fittest in the market, and export-oriented industry in the market is bound to change. Now China's photovoltaic industry are full of serious problem just as unchecked construction, low-level repetitive, and homogeneous competition." double-anti-dumping " forced domestic PV manufacturers to speed up the adjustment of product structure, improve product quality and develop the high-end in the field. To China's photovoltaic enterprises, this is a good chance to shift strategic.

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